For a century, New Hampshire voters have participated in the first-in the-nation presidential primary. Despite the DNC’s desire to do so, they are unlikely to change that status in the 2024 presidential nominating calendar.
Scott Eisen/Getty Images
Scott Eisen/Getty Images
Scott Eisen/Getty Images
At a press conference later today, New Hampshire’s top election official is expected to announce that his state will hold its 2024 presidential primary in January, defying the Democratic National Committee, which had urged the state to hold its primary after South Carolina.
“I don’t think it’s a secret that we’re going to be going ahead of South Carolina, which puts us into January,” New Hampshire Secretary of State David Scanlan said to reporters in September.
Scanlan’s expected decision would ensure the state keeps its historic spot as the first-in-the-nation primary for both major parties, placing it ahead of South Carolina’s Democratic primary, which is currently planned for February 3.
Upending early primary tradition
Last year, approving a proposal backed by President Biden, the DNC chose South Carolina to lead off the 2024 Democratic nominating calendar, a state where voters rescued Biden’s campaign in 2020 and where Black voters dominate the Democratic electorate.
“We must ensure that voters of color have a voice in choosing our nominee much earlier in the process and throughout the entire early window,” Biden wrote in a letter to the DNC Rules and Bylaws Committee.
But Scanlan and other state officials disagree with the DNC’s calendar changes, saying New Hampshire’s primary will be held in accordance with state law, which mandates it precede any similar election by at least a week.
“For over 100 years, New Hampshire has represented the purest form of democracy in the presidential nominating process, and we will fight to protect it,” Scanlan said in a statement released last month.
He also argued that New Hampshire provides diversity in the presidential nominating process by making it relatively easy for any qualified U.S. citizen to have their name appear on the state’s primary ballot.
“Ballot access is extremely easy, and a candidate does not need high name recognition or wealth to run a campaign here,” Stanton said. It costs $1,000 to register as a presidential candidate in New Hampshire and that fee can be waived if other requirements are met, according to state guidelines. For the 2024 primary ballot here, 24 Republicans and 21 Democrats have registered to run for president.
New Hampshire politicians in both parties stressed the state’s tradition in holding the first primary and say officials here are obligated to follow New Hampshire law.
They’ve pledged to hold the primary on whatever date Scanlan chooses.
The DNC also urged Iowa to change its caucus date on the same grounds it gave to New Hampshire, arguing that their Democratic electorates lack the racial diversity that leaders see as the party’s future in a country that is growing more multiracial.
But Democrats in Iowa worked out a compromise with the DNC. They will hold their caucus on January 15, the same day as Republicans. In a change to their traditional caucus routine, Democratic voters will mail-in their presidential preferences and those results will be released on Super Tuesday.
A write-in campaign for the president
New Hampshire’s decision to defy Biden and the DNC means that the president, who finished fifth in the Democratic contest in New Hampshire last cycle, won’t officially appear on next year’s primary ballot here.
Biden didn’t file to have his name appear on the ballot, with his re-election campaign manager Julie Chavez Rodriguez saying that he was obligated “to comply with party rules.”
Top New Hampshire Democrats, including legislative leaders, former members of Congress, and party elders – some of whom were involved in the state’s failed effort to persuade Democrats to keep New Hampshire in its lead-off primary role – are now mounting an effort to encourage party members to write-in Biden on primary day.
Biden’s Democratic challengers in New Hampshire include author Marianne Williamson and Minnesota Congressman Dean Phillips.
Neither is expected to threaten Biden’s re-nomination. But Phillips, a wealthy former businessman capable of bankrolling a full-fledged campaign in New Hampshire, has promised a heavy schedule of local outreach, including a plan to hold more than 100 town hall-style campaign events.
Republican candidates seek to overtake Trump
Meanwhile, the Republican primary season in New Hampshire, while busier and putatively more competitive, has so far been dominated by Donald Trump.
Despite facing multiple criminal trials and not spending as much time in New Hampshire as his GOP rivals, he has consistently led New Hampshire polls.
Former UN ambassador Nikki Haley and Florida Governor Ron DeSantis are now in a tight race for second place. Polls show Haley gaining steam and DeSantis losing momentum. Entrepreneur Vivek Ramaswamy has also lost ground in recent polling here.
Former New Jersey Governor Chris Christie has meanwhile based his entire campaign strategy around leveraging his constant criticism of Trump to a strong showing in New Hampshire, but has so far remained in the middle of the pack.